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Sabar: The Drum Language of Senegal

Senegalese drummers often recite improvised texts while playing, considering the texts to reflect the rhythms’ meanings. Unlike other African traditions, drums are rarely used as a speech surrogate.
This page is about Senegalese rhythms that involve language-like grammar rules, with some pointers to the rich culture of the Senegalese masters of the sabar drum. 

The page is currently under construction. See some available materials on the righthand side.

Dakar, November 2013, from left to right: Ousmane Mbengue, Yoad Winter, Doudou Ndiaye Rose, Morcoumba Ndiaye Rose

NEW   PhD position on the grammar of Senegalese drum languages -- deadline: 21 May 2017

Yoad Winter (2014): "On the Grammar of a Senegalese Drum Language" Language  90.3 (2014)  PDF  supplementary materials

NRC,  De Volkskrant, NCRV Cappuccino2

6 May 2014  - an evening with Doudou Ndiaye Rose, Utrecht University   link
Communication in Drum Languages - a course at Utrecht University   links: NED,ENG
Further Materials
Patricia Tang (2007): Masters of the Sabar - Temple University Press   link
Sabar - the heartbeat of Senegal (2013) - a film by Arda Nederveen   link
Lisa McNee (2000): Selfish Gifts - Senegalese Women's Autobiographical Discourses - SUNY Press   link